• Oisy, Aisne

  • UAZ Simbir

    The UAZ Simbir, UAZ automotive number 3162, is a model of off-road vehicle produced at the Russian Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant in 2000–2005. This car is a com...

  • UAZ Simba

    The UAZ Simba is a UAZ designed 4×2 or 4×4 wheel drive minivan concept. The Simba has a wheelbase of 3.000 mm and is a combination of a van for 7-9 people an...

  • UAZ Bars

    UAZ Bars is a SUV produced by UAZ, Russia. The Russian Барс translates to Leopard. It was introduced in December 1999. About 10.000 automobiles were produced...

  • UAZ Jaguar

    The UAZ-3907 Jaguar is an amphibious 4x4 created in the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, in 1976–1990, based on the components of the UAZ-469 4x4. The Jaguar rema...

  • UAZ-469

    The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilit...

  • UAZ Patriot

    The UAZ Patriot is a mid-size body-on-frame SUV produced by the UAZ division of SeverstalAvto in Ulyanovsk, Russia. It was introduced in 2005 and replaced th...

  • UAZ-452

    The UAZ-452 is a family of off-road vans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant since 1965. Its predecessor model UAZ-450 was based on the chassis and en...

  • TREKOL-39294

    The TREKOL-39294 is a Russian six-wheeled amphibious all-terrain vehicle produced by TREKOL. The 39294 is available in two versions: passenger and freight an...

  • TREKOL

    TREKOL is a Moscow, Russia based designer and manufacturer of large all terrain amphibious vehicles/swamp buggies. Trekol is an abbreviation for "ТРанспорт Э...

UAZ

UAZ is an automobile manufacturer based in Ulyanovsk, Russia, which manufactures off-road vehicles, buses and trucks. It has been part of the Sollers automotive group since 2000.
UAZ is best known for the UAZ-469 utility vehicle, which has seen wide use as a military vehicle in the Eastern bloc and around the world. The UAZ factory started production in 1941 as part of the Soviet war effort. 51.706 UAZ vehicles were produced in 2016.

1.1. History War and postwar
The Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant was founded in 1941 as a direct result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. In response to this threat, the government of Joseph Stalin ordered the evacuation of strategically crucial industrial centers to the East. By October 1941, the rapid German drive to Moscow, triggered the decision to relocate the Moscow automotive manufacturer ZIS to the Volga town of Ulyanovsk. The town, already a nascent industrial center with a sufficiently developed infrastructure and a good supply of skilled workers, would be an ideal location for the reconstituted factory. It was also safely out of reach of the German army. At that time of its founding, the plant was considered a subsidiary of ZIS. By 1942, the plant began production of artillery shells and automobiles. The first vehicle produced at the plant was the ZIS-5 three-ton truck.
In 1943, when the prospect of a German victory had become far less likely, it was decided the relocated plant would remain in Ulyanovsk and be separated administratively from ZIS, which would be rebuilt in Moscow from scratch. This was in line with the Soviet post-war policy regarding various relocated industrial operations. It was considered more efficient to leave the newly built plants as is, while the original plants, provided they survived the war were outfitted anew, frequently with captured German machinery. At the end of 1944, the production of the ZIS-5 was transferred to The Ural Automotive Plant in Miass, while the Ulyanovsk plant began producing the smaller GAZ-AA in 1947. UAZ developed a prototype 1.5-tonne truck in 1948, using the ubiquitous 50 hp 37 kW; 51 PS 2.112 cc 129 cu in inline four of the Pobeda ; this, the UAZ-300, was never built, due to a lack of production capacity. In 1954, production was expanded to include the GAZ-69, and the first batches were assembled from GAZ parts. Two years later, the factory was not just assembling GAZ-69s from parts delivered elsewhere, but manufacturing them in their entirety.
The connection with GAZ led UAZ to be the top Soviet manufacturer of four-wheel drive vehicles.

1.2. History Golden age
UAZ began its growth away from being a mere assembler in 1954, with the creation of its own design office. It was this office, responding to a request from the Red Army, that in 1955 created a forward control van project, codenamed "Forty", on the GAZ-69 chassis. This became the UAZ-450, the first Soviet "cabover" truck. The prototype appeared in 1956, and was tested in both the Caucasus Mountains and the Crimea. Its loaded weight was 2.7 tonnes, and it, like all the 450 series vehicles, was powered by a 62 hp 46 kW; 63 PS low-compression 2.432 cc 148.4 cu in inline-four based on the ubiquitous Pobeda s, but with an 88 mm 3.5 in bore, rather than 82 mm 3.2 in), and the Pobeda s three-speed transmission, while the transfer case, drive axles, leaf springs, and drum brakes came from the GAZ 69.
In 1958, UAZ began production of the UAZ-450 series of trucks and vans. The first model was the 450A ambulance; with room for two stretchers and four-wheel drive, it was arguably the best in the world for use in remote areas. It was followed by the 450D drop-side pickup, which had an 800 kg 1.800 lb payload; the 450 van, with a 750 kg 1.650 lb payload; and the 11-seat 450V microbus. All the 450 series were capable of disconnecting the front drive axle and of reaching 56 mph 90 km/h, achieving fuel economy of 14 L/100 km 17 mpg ‑US ; 20 mpg ‑imp, and of towing an 850 kg 1.870 lb trailer.
A two-wheel drive variant of the 450 was announced on 12 December 1961, with the 450s 2.300 mm 91 in wheelbase and engine, as the 451 van, 451D drop-side pickup, 451A ambulance, and 451B minibus. The ambulance spawned a prototype UAZ-452GP with hydropneumatic suspension, to enable it to cross rough ground at high speed, following on the work done by Citroen on the DS19. The system proved very successful on trials, but it was rejected by the Soviet Army as too complicated, and so never entered production.
In 1966, the 451s were updated with a 70 hp 52 kW; 71 PS 2.432 cc 148.4 cu in inline-four still based on the Pobeda s, four-speed gearbox, and minor detail changes, plus a stronger chassis and so higher payload. The models were a redesignated 451M van, with an 800 kg 1.800 lb payload) and a 451DM pickup, with a 1.000 kg 2.200 lb payload). Maximum speed was 59 mph 95 km/h.
In 1966, the four-wheel drives were renumbered UAZ-452 van, 452D pickup, 452V minibus, 452A and 452G both ambulances, with different patient capacities. There was also the 452S ambulance, specially designed for Arctic conditions, with more heating capacity, double-glazed windows, and insulation; they proved able to keep a 30 °C interior temperature in -60 °C outside conditions. The 452 was able to cross 50 cm 20 in of snow and carry an 800 kg 1.800 lb load. The 452s would go on to become a workhorse of Soviet agriculture and police, with the pickup proving a popular commercial vehicle. Export versions of the 452D were called Trekmaster when sold in Britain, but never in large numbers; there was also a version with a British-built dump body, the Tipmaster.
The 451S was a snow-crossing variant with front skis and rear tracks; it was never produced in quantity, nor was the 451S2, which had tracks at front and rear. The 452 also served as the basis for an articulated model, the 452P, that was never put into production.
In 1972 the well-regarded, but outdated, GAZ-69 was replaced by the more modern UAZ-469. This was developed from the UAZ-471 of 1958 with four-wheel independent suspension, which proved too complex and the UAZ 460. The UAZ-469 was a sturdy, but not-so-comfortable vehicle with the ability to overcome virtually any terrain, while also providing ease of maintenance. The 469 reached legendary status, thanks to its reliability and impressive off-road capability, even though it was not made available to the civilian market until the late 1980s, before which time it was built exclusively for police and military use, as well as heads of agricultural enterprises kolhozes and sovhozes. A commercially available variant was produced by the Lutzk Automotive Works.

1.3. History Later years
In the 1990s, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, UAZ became a joint-stock company and soon received the Golden Globe and Golden Mercury Awards for a significant volume of sales and its contribution to the Russian economy.
On 5 August 1997, the new UAZ-3160 went into production and received a gold medal at an international fair in Yekaterinburg. The car was used as the basis for the later Simbir and UAZ-3163.
In March 2003, UAZ opened an assembly line in Vietnam. On 20 November, the company produced the last UAZ-31512 and the first UAZ Hunter.
On 17 August 2005, the first UAZ Patriots rolled off the assembly line. They had new suspension, transmission and steering control and became the first brand new models of UAZ since the fall of the Soviet Union. The same year the assembly line had undergone a large-scale modernization. The company signed contracts with foreign suppliers and used a significant number of foreign components in its newest vehicles.
In 2006, UAZ opened a new control and test section of the main assembly line and presented 4 new cars at the Moscow International Automobile Salon.
In 2009, Bremach Industry in conjunction with UAZ started development of a new special truck chassis-based Bremach T-Rex. It was assumed that the cars UAZ T-REX terrain capacity of up to 3.5 tonnes will be made under the orders of customers for the needs of the road construction sector, government agencies, as well as special vehicles for the emergency operations at processing facilities in remote regions. As far as is known from reliable sources, this project has not received further development.
In the following years UAZ introduced a number of additional options and improvements in its vehicles, such as the better heating and ventilation of the passenger compartment, engine cooling system, together with Lukoil introduced a new line of motor oils for its cars, offered Iveco diesel engines and launched the UAZ Cargo, a light commercial truck based on the UAZ Patriot.
In 2012, the Patriot and the Pickup received a new engine, ZMZ Euro-4 with European on-board diagnostics, which became the first Russian diesel engine to meet Euro-4 Standards. 2013 was the banner year for UAZ, with export sales increasing by 37% since 2012. The next year the sales of the Patriot rose by 10%, and the company was visited by Premier Dmitry Medvedev.
During a test drive in 2014, a UAZ Patriot crossed winter roads and frozen tundra of the Sakha Republic and reached one of the northernmost Russian ports at Tiksi, being the first car to cross the 73rd parallel north moving under its own power.
In January 2015, the sales increased by 3%. A UAZ Patriot support vehicle took part in the 2015 Dakar Rally, crossing the route of 9.295 km through Bolivia, Chile and Peru. The company finished the production of special series of UAZ Hunters, which were to be replaced by newer models; these Hunters were a limited edition and had airbrushed artistic paintings on them commemorating the 70th anniversary of the victory in World War II. In August the UAZ Patriot received new upgrades, including new paint colors, 18-inch wheels, interiors, frameless wiper blades, etc. The same year UAZ trucks were present at the Moscow Off-Road Show 2015, Interpolitech-2015 and ComTrans-2015 exhibitions.
UAZ delisted from the Moscow Exchange in July 2015.

2.1. Models Current
Current lineup of UAZ vehicles:
UAZ Patriot UAZ-3163
SUVs
UAZ Pickup
UAZ Hunter - modernized UAZ-469B
UAZ-39094
Trucks
UAZ-3303
UAZ Professional - stretched versions of the UAZ Pickup
UAZ-39625
Minibuses
UAZ-2206

2.2. Models Past models
UAZ-3160 - rebodied UAZ-469
UAZ-31519 - modified UAZ-31514
UAZ-469 - redesignated UAZ-3151
UAZ-469B/UAZ-31512 - civilian version of UAZ-469
GAZ-69
UAZ-31514 - factory metal roofed UAZ-469
UAZ-3153 - Long wheelbase version
UAZ Bars UAZ-3159 - A long wheelbase and widetracked based on UAZ-3153
UAZ Simbir UAZ-3162 - a rebodied long wheelbase 469/3151
Minivan
UAZ Simba 3165/3165m 4x2 or 4x4 - 8-seater minivan concept vehicle - not produced
Minibuses
UAZ-451
UAZ-3741
UAZ-452
UAZ-3909
UAZ-3962
UAZ-450
UAZ-39095
UAZ-39099
UAZ-396259
Trucks
UAZ-452D
UAZ-450D
UAZ-33036
UAZ Cargo
UAZ-2360

2.3. Models Prototypes
UAZ Jaguar amphibious 4x4
UAZ 3171/3172 - a rebodied 469 of which the 3172 was the standard version and the 3171 was the short-wheel base version. The civil version had rectangular headlights. Never entered production.
UAZ Sport Jeeplike 4x4

TREKOL

TREKOL is a Moscow, Russia based designer and manufacturer of large all terrain amphibious vehicles/swamp buggies. Trekol is an abbreviation for "ТРанспорт Э...

TREKOL-39294

The TREKOL-39294 is a Russian six-wheeled amphibious all-terrain vehicle produced by TREKOL. The 39294 is available in two versions: passenger and freight an...

UAZ-452

The UAZ-452 is a family of off-road vans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant since 1965. Its predecessor model UAZ-450 was based on the chassis and en...

UAZ Patriot

The UAZ Patriot is a mid-size body-on-frame SUV produced by the UAZ division of SeverstalAvto in Ulyanovsk, Russia. It was introduced in 2005 and replaced th...

UAZ-469

The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilit...

UAZ Jaguar

The UAZ-3907 Jaguar is an amphibious 4x4 created in the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, in 1976–1990, based on the components of the UAZ-469 4x4. The Jaguar rema...

UAZ Bars

UAZ Bars is a SUV produced by UAZ, Russia. The Russian Барс translates to Leopard. It was introduced in December 1999. About 10.000 automobiles were produced...

UAZ Simba

The UAZ Simba is a UAZ designed 4×2 or 4×4 wheel drive minivan concept. The Simba has a wheelbase of 3.000 mm and is a combination of a van for 7-9 people an...

UAZ Simbir

The UAZ Simbir, UAZ automotive number 3162, is a model of off-road vehicle produced at the Russian Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant in 2000–2005. This car is a com...