• GAZ-2332 CityVan

    The GAZ-2332 / GAZ CityVan was a light van developed by the Russian automaker GAZ and presented as a prototype at an apparently advanced stage of development...

  • KSP-76

    The KSP-76 was a Soviet wheeled assault gun that began development in 1943. It mounted a 76 mm divisional gun M1942 gun on a lightweight chassis in an attemp...

  • GAZ-61

    The GAZ-61 was a four wheel drive car from USSR manufacturer GAZ first introduced in 1938 by designer V. A. Gratchev, to replace his too-complex model GAZ-M2.

  • GAZ-64

    The GAZ-64 was a 4x4 vehicle made by GAZ, succeeding the earlier GAZ-61. Its design was led by Vitaliy Grachev. The design process was exceptionally quick, t...

  • GAZ-63

    The GAZ-63 is a Russian 4x4 2 ton truck produced from 1948 to 1968 at the Gorky Automobile Plant. It was a development of the earlier GAZ-51 truck and is ver...

  • GAZ-14

    The GAZ-14 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1977 to 1988 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

  • GAZ-13

    The GAZ-13 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1959 to 1981 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

  • GAZ-M20 Pobeda

    The GAZ-M20 Pobeda was a passenger car produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1946 until 1958. It was also licensed to Polish Passenger Automobile Factory,...

  • GAZ–MM

    The GAZ–MM is a truck with a maximum usable weight of 1.5 tons and was produced at the end of the 1930s and at the first part of the 1940s by GAZ in the Sovi...

  • GAZ Vodnik

    GAZ Vodnik is a Russian high-mobility multipurpose military vehicle manufactured by GAZ. It is a "heavy modification" of the civil GAZ-2330 "Tigr". Its name ...

  • GAZ-51

    The GAZ-51 was a Soviet truck manufactured by GAZ. Its first prototypes were produced before the end of World War II, and mass production started in 1946. A ...

  • GAZ-53

    The GAZ-53 is a 3.5 tonne 4x2 truck produced by GAZ between 1961 and 1993. Introduced first as GAZ-53F, it was joined by the virtually identical 2.5-ton GAZ-...

  • GAZ-66

    The GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road military truck produced by GAZ. It was one of the main cargo vehicles for motorized infantry of the Sov...

  • GAZ-67

    The GAZ-67 and the subsequent GAZ-67B were general purpose four wheel drive Soviet military vehicles built by GAZ starting in 1943. By the end of the war, it...

  • GAZ-69

    The GAZ-69 is a four-wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ between 1953 and 1956 and then by UAZ, in 1956–1972, though all of these vehicles were known as...

  • GAZ Ermak

    GAZ Ermak is a Russian truck, based at the GAZ Valdai. It was officially presented in October 2011 on "AgroTech-2011", created a test batch for testing. Ther...

  • GAZelle

    The GAZelle is a series of light commercial vehicles: pickup trucks, vans and minibuses made by Russian car manufacturer GAZ. At the time of the breakup of t...

  • GAZ-3110

    The Volga GAZ-3110 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1996 to 2004 as a generation of its Volga marque.

  • GAZ Sadko

    The GAZ-3308 "Sadko" is a Russian-built, 2.5-ton, 4-wheel-drive cargo truck. The Sadko is produced by the Gorky Automobile Plant. It is named after Sadko, a ...

  • GAZ-A

    The GAZ-A was a passenger car that was mass-produced by GAZ from 1932 to 1936. It was the first passenger car to be produced in the Soviet Union and is a nea...

  • GAZ-21

    The GAZ M21 Volga is an automobile which was produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1956 to 1970. The first car to carry the Volga name, it was developed i...

  • GAZ-24

    The GAZ-24 "Volga" is a car manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1970 to 1985 as a generation of its Volga marque. A largely redesigned versi...

GAZ

GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod is a Russian automotive manufacturer located in Nizhny Novgorod. It is the core subsidiary of GAZ Group Holding, itself part of the Basic Element business group. JSC Russian Machines Corporation is the controlling shareholder in OAO GAZ.

1.1. History Early history
In May 1929 the Soviet Union signed an agreement with the American Ford Motor Company. Under its terms, the Soviets agreed to purchase $13 million worth of automobiles and parts, while Ford agreed to give technical assistance until 1938 to construct an integrated automobile-manufacturing plant at Nizhny Novgorod. Production started on 1 January 1932, and the factory and the first marque was titled Nizhegorodsky Avtomobilny Zavod, or NAZ, but also displayed the "Ford" sign. Its first vehicle was the medium-priced Ford Model A, sold as the NAZ-A, and a light truck, the Ford Model AA NAZ-AA. NAZ-A production commenced in 1932 and lasted until 1936, during which time over 100.000 examples were built.
In 1933, the factorys name changed to Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod, or GAZ, when the city was renamed after Maxim Gorky; similarly, models were renamed GAZ-A and GAZ-AA. From 1935 to 1956, the official name was augmented with imeni Molotova literally, named after Molotov.
The GAZ-A was succeeded by the more modern GAZ-M1 based largely on the four-cylinder version of the Ford Model B, produced from 1936 to 1942. The M letter stands for Molotovets of Molotovs fame, it was the origin of the cars nickname, Mka Эмка.
During the war, GAZ assembled Chevrolet G7107 and G7117 G7107 with winch from parts shipped from the USA under Lend Lease.
Experience with the A and the M1 allowed the GAZ engineers to develop their own car model independently of Ford. Called the GAZ-11, this more upscale model entered production in 1942 and remained in limited wartime production until 1946. The M2s bodyshell entered limited production in 1941, mounted on a four-wheel drive chassis and sold in small quantities as the GAZ-61.

1.2. History Postwar period
At that time, GAZ engineers worked to develop an all-new car model to enter production once hostilities ended. Called the GAZ-M20 Pobeda Victory, this affordably-priced sedan with streamlined, fastback styling, entered production in 1946 and was produced by GAZ until 1958. Licensed production under the name Warszawa continued in Polish FSO until the 1970s. It was the first Soviet car with electric windshield wipers rather than mechanical- or vacuum-operated ones. It also had four-wheel hydraulic brakes. The GAZ-72, a four-wheel drive version, was produced in low volume.
GAZ also made GAZ-12 ZIM, GAZ-21 and GAZ-24 Volga and the luxury cars GAZ-13 and GAZ-14 Chaika. The ZIM was the first GAZ car to feature the leaping deer hood ornament. The GAZ-21 made its public debut in 1955, with a three cars on a demonstration drive from Moscow to the Crimea, two automatic models and a manual. It was launched in 1956 and became a symbol of the whole Soviet epoch. The car offered front seats able to fold flat and came standard with cigarette lighter and a radio at a time when most American-built cars did not have a radio. A small number of Volgas with the 195 hp 145 kW; 198 PS Chaika engine, automatic transmission, and power steering were built for the KGB as the M23, 603 were built in 1962-1970. As the cars leading engineer Boris Dekhtyar recalled, the new version of the Volga had improved brake pads and reached a higher top speed of over 170 km/h; it was well received. The new engine produced 195 h.p. at 4.400 rpm. The production of Chaika started in 1959. Over the years several modifications of Volga and Chaika were produced.
In the 1960s GAZ plant renewed its truck range by launching such models as GAZ-52, GAZ-53А and GAZ-66. In the 1960s and 1970s, the plant was overhauled and updated; 1962 saw it fitted with the Soviet Unions first automated precision shop. In 1994 the plant started production of GAZelle light commercial vehicles. GAZelle quickly gained popularity in Russia. Currently there are over 300 modifications of these vehicles for various applications. GAZelle gave a huge impetus to development of small and medium businesses in Russia. GAZ plant also launched production of the related Valdai medium-duty truck and the Sobol sable light commercial vehicle.
The plant became AvtoGAZ, with the integration of its various subcontractors, on 24 August 1971; the same year, it was awarded the Order of Lenin.
GAZ produced its ten millionth vehicle in March 1981. In the late 1990s GAZ was deemed to be the best managed Russian automotive manufacturer.

1.3. History SibAl takeover
In November 2000 GAZ was acquired in a hostile takeover by SibAl. In March 2003 GAZ declared that the production of passenger cars was no longer a priority for the company, and plans to release a new GAZ-3115 model had been abandoned.
In 2006, GAZ made a move on the LDV company based in Birmingham, England, and acquired the van maker from the venture capital group Sun European Partners, LLP in July of that year. GAZ said that they planned to market the MAXUS LDVs new Panel-van that was released in January 2005 into the rest of Europe and Asia. GAZ proposed to increase production in the LDV plant in England, while also commencing production of the MAXUS in a new plant in Russia. However, due to the recession, the production at the LDV plant was halted and the plant was sold to a Chinese company called ECO Concept in 2009.
As then DaimlerChrysler modernized its Sterling Heights Assembly plant in 2006, the old Chrysler Sebring / Dodge Stratus assembly line and tooling was sold to GAZ and was shipped to Nizhny Novgorod in Russia. To produce the vehicle in Nizhny Novgorod, GAZ built a modern production facility with a high degree of automation. GAZ designed a similar vehicle as the Volga Siber from 2008 until the end of 2010 when it was phased out due to the global economic crisis. Since then GAZ car facility is used for contract manufacturing for Volkswagen and General Motors.

1.4. History Andersson leadership
In 2009, Bo Andersson, former Vice-President of General Motors, was appointed President/CEO of GAZ Group. That was a turning point in the companys development after the crisis period of 2008. Under the leadership of the foreign management the company renewed its model range, established cooperation with the leading international manufacturers and achieved the best financial results in the companys history.
In 2010, GAZ upgraded its model range by launching new GAZelle-BUSINESS lineup with diesel and petrol engines and LPG equipment. In 2012 GAZ is starting preproduction of the new-generation light commercial vehicle GAZelle-Next. The new GAZ model will be launched into mass production in 2013.
In November 2010 the company decided to end production of the Volga Siber, its last GAZ passenger car model, and to discontinue the GAZ Volga range. In December 2010, GAZ Group signed a memorandum of understanding with Daimler on contract manufacturing of Mercedes-Benz Sprinter at GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod. It is expected that production will start in 2013. In June 2012 GAZ Group and Daimler announced start of implementation of Mercedes-Benz Sprinter contract manufacturing project at GAZ plant, and plans to organize contract manufacturing of Mercedes engines at Yaroslavl Motor Plant of GAZ Group.
In February 2011, General Motors and GAZ Group signed an agreement on contract assembly of the new Chevrolet Aveo car at GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod. As of December 2012, production was underway with an expected annual production of 30.000 vehicles.
In June 2011, Volkswagen Group Rus and GAZ Group signed a long-term agreement on contract manufacturing at GAZ plant with total investment of €200 million. It is planned to produce Skoda Yeti, the new Volkswagen Jetta and Skoda Octavia. The total production volume in the peak years will be about 110.000 vehicles. In November 2011, under the contract manufacturing agreement, GAZ started SKD assembly of Skoda Yeti; full-cycle production started in December 2012.
In 2011, GAZ Group achieved the highest results in the history of the company in terms of net profit, net profit margin, and revenue per employee. In 2011 the revenue of the company increased by 37%, EBITDA – by 49%, and net profit – by 4 times. The companys revenue in 2011 was $4.1 billion, the company earned $264 million of net profit.
In 2011, Bo Andersson received Automotive Executive of the Year Award at the International Automotive Forum organized by the Adam Smith Institute, and was named a Eurostar of automotive industry in the emerging market category by the Automotive News Europe Magazine for achievements in model range renewal, establishment of cooperation between GAZ Group and leading international automakers, and positive financial results of the company in 2010.

1.5. History Recent developments
In April 2019, GAZ asked for a $468 million bailout from the Russian government, saying that US sanctions on Oleg Deripaska and his assets put the company at risk of default. On July 4, 2019, workers from GAZ protested against the US sanctions in front of the US embassy in Moscow as an opposition to measures they claim will lead to the bankruptcy of the company.

GAZ-24

The GAZ-24 "Volga" is a car manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1970 to 1985 as a generation of its Volga marque. A largely redesigned versi...

GAZ-21

The GAZ M21 Volga is an automobile which was produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1956 to 1970. The first car to carry the Volga name, it was developed i...

GAZ-A

The GAZ-A was a passenger car that was mass-produced by GAZ from 1932 to 1936. It was the first passenger car to be produced in the Soviet Union and is a nea...

GAZ Sadko

The GAZ-3308 "Sadko" is a Russian-built, 2.5-ton, 4-wheel-drive cargo truck. The Sadko is produced by the Gorky Automobile Plant. It is named after Sadko, a ...

GAZ-3110

The Volga GAZ-3110 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1996 to 2004 as a generation of its Volga marque.

GAZelle

The GAZelle is a series of light commercial vehicles: pickup trucks, vans and minibuses made by Russian car manufacturer GAZ. At the time of the breakup of t...

GAZ Ermak

GAZ Ermak is a Russian truck, based at the GAZ Valdai. It was officially presented in October 2011 on "AgroTech-2011", created a test batch for testing. Ther...

GAZ5903V Vetluga

The GAZ5903V Vetluga is a Russian heavy firefighting vehicle, a modified BTR-70 amphibious armored personnel carrier with an externally mounted fire suppress...

GAZ-69

The GAZ-69 is a four-wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ between 1953 and 1956 and then by UAZ, in 1956–1972, though all of these vehicles were known as...

GAZ-67

The GAZ-67 and the subsequent GAZ-67B were general purpose four wheel drive Soviet military vehicles built by GAZ starting in 1943. By the end of the war, it...

GAZ-66

The GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road military truck produced by GAZ. It was one of the main cargo vehicles for motorized infantry of the Sov...

GAZ-53

The GAZ-53 is a 3.5 tonne 4x2 truck produced by GAZ between 1961 and 1993. Introduced first as GAZ-53F, it was joined by the virtually identical 2.5-ton GAZ-...

GAZ-51

The GAZ-51 was a Soviet truck manufactured by GAZ. Its first prototypes were produced before the end of World War II, and mass production started in 1946. A ...

GAZ Vodnik

GAZ Vodnik is a Russian high-mobility multipurpose military vehicle manufactured by GAZ. It is a "heavy modification" of the civil GAZ-2330 "Tigr". Its name ...

GAZ–MM

The GAZ–MM is a truck with a maximum usable weight of 1.5 tons and was produced at the end of the 1930s and at the first part of the 1940s by GAZ in the Sovi...

GAZ-M20 Pobeda

The GAZ-M20 Pobeda was a passenger car produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1946 until 1958. It was also licensed to Polish Passenger Automobile Factory,...

GAZ-13

The GAZ-13 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1959 to 1981 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

GAZ-14

The GAZ-14 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1977 to 1988 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

GAZ-63

The GAZ-63 is a Russian 4x4 2 ton truck produced from 1948 to 1968 at the Gorky Automobile Plant. It was a development of the earlier GAZ-51 truck and is ver...

GAZ-64

The GAZ-64 was a 4x4 vehicle made by GAZ, succeeding the earlier GAZ-61. Its design was led by Vitaliy Grachev. The design process was exceptionally quick, t...

GAZ-61

The GAZ-61 was a four wheel drive car from USSR manufacturer GAZ first introduced in 1938 by designer V. A. Gratchev, to replace his too-complex model GAZ-M2.

KSP-76

The KSP-76 was a Soviet wheeled assault gun that began development in 1943. It mounted a 76 mm divisional gun M1942 gun on a lightweight chassis in an attemp...

GAZ-2332 CityVan

The GAZ-2332 / GAZ CityVan was a light van developed by the Russian automaker GAZ and presented as a prototype at an apparently advanced stage of development...