• Subaru Stella

    The Subaru Stella is a 5-door Kei car produced by Subaru starting in June 2006. The Stella is based on the same architecture as the Subaru R2. It can be cons...

  • Subaru Tecnica International

    Subaru Tecnica International, or STI, is Subaru Corporations motorsports division. STI, along with Prodrive of the UK specialized in the preparation of a var...

  • Subaru World Rally Team

    The Subaru World Rally Team was Subarus World Rally Championship team. It used a distinctive blue with yellow color scheme that is a throwback to the sponsor...

  • Subaru Pleo

    The Subaru Pleo is a kei car made by the Japanese automaker Subaru since 1998. The Pleo is taller than conventional kei car hatchbacks, but shorter than the ...

  • Subaru BRAT

    The Subaru BRAT, short for "Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter", known outside Canada and the United States as the 284 in the United Kingdom, Brum...

  • Subaru Levorg

    The Subaru Levorg is a mid-size car manufactured since 2014 by Subaru. According to the company, the name Levorg is a acronym of three words, LE gacy, re VO ...

  • Subaru XT

    The Subaru XT was a 2-door coupe that was produced from 1985 to 1991. The name Alcyone was used in Japan, the Vortex name was used in Australia and New Zeala...

  • Subaru Exiga

    The Subaru Exiga is a compact MPV and crossover utility vehicle that debuted as a concept car during the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. According to the Japanese Sub...

  • Subaru G4e

    The Subaru G4e is a concept electric car developed by Japanese automaker Subaru in conjunction with Tokyo utility TEPCO as a possible successor to the R1e. I...

  • Subaru G

    The Subaru FF-1 G was a compact car from the 1970s, replacing the FF-1 Star. It was a front-wheel drive vehicle with a typical Subaru EA61 or EA62 flat-4 eng...

  • Subaru Tribeca

    The Subaru Tribeca is a mid-size crossover SUV made from 2005 to 2014. Released in some markets, including Canada, as the Subaru B9 Tribeca, the name "Tribec...

  • Subaru Forester

    The Subaru Forester is a compact crossover SUV manufactured since 1997 by Subaru. Available in Japan from 1997, the Forester shares its platform with the Imp...

  • Subaru Outback

    The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon, the Outback ; a...

  • Subaru Leone

    The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Subaru from 1971 to 1994. The word leone is Italian for lion. It was released as ...

  • Subaru 1500

    The first vehicle built by the automotive division of Fuji Heavy Industries was called the Subaru 1500, with the development code-name of P1. The prototype u...

  • Subaru R2

    The Subaru R2 was announced in Japan on December 8, 2003, and the R2 name was inspired by the Subaru R-2, the kei car model that was produced between 1969 an...

  • Subaru 1000

    The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification sta...

  • Subaru R1

    The R1 is a two-door version of the Subaru R2, but with a shorter body and wheelbase. The R1 is unusual in that it does not use up the maximum length allowed...

  • Subaru Corporation

    Subaru Corporation, formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. from 1953 to 2017, is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily invol...

  • Toyota 86

    The Toyota 86 is a 2+2 sports car jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru, manufactured at Subarus Gunma assembly plant along with a badge engineered variant,...

  • Subaru Alcyone SVX

    The Subaru Alcyone SVX, originally marketed outside Japan as the Subaru SVX, is a two-door, front-engine, all wheeldrive coupe manufactured and marketed by S...

  • Subaru Legacy

    The Subaru Legacy is a midsize car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru since 1989. The makers flagship car, it is unique in its class for offeri...

  • Subaru Impreza

    The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that has been manufactured since 1992 by Subaru, introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessors EA seri...

Subaru

Subaru is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation, the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
Subaru cars are known for their use of a boxer engine layout in most vehicles above 1500 cc. The Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout was introduced in 1972. The flat/boxer engine and all-wheel-drive became standard equipment for mid-size and smaller cars in most international markets by 1996, and is now standard in most North American market Subaru vehicles. The lone exception is the BRZ, introduced in 2012 via a partnership with Toyota, which uses the boxer engine but instead uses a rear-wheel-drive structure. Subaru also offers turbocharged versions of their passenger cars, such as the Impreza WRX, Legacy and Outback XT, Ascent, and previously the Legacy GT and Forester XT.
In Western markets, the Subaru brand has traditionally been popular among a dedicated core of buyers. Marketing is targeted towards specific niches centered on those who desire the companys signature drive train engine, all-wheel/rough-road capabilities or affordable sports car markets.
Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster M45, or the "Seven Sisters" one of whom tradition says is invisible – hence only six stars in the Subaru logo, which in turn inspires the logo and alludes to the companies that merged to create FHI.

1.1. History Fuji Heavy Industries FHI and Subarus first cars
Fuji Heavy Industries started out as the Aircraft Research Laboratory in 1915, headed by Chikuhei Nakajima. In 1932, the company was reorganized as Nakajima Aircraft Company, Ltd and soon became a major manufacturer of aircraft for Japan during World War II. At the end of the Second World War, Nakajima Aircraft was again reorganized, this time as Fuji Sangyo Co, Ltd. In 1946, the company created the Fuji Rabbit, a motor scooter, with spare aircraft parts from the war. In 1950, Fuji Sangyo was divided into 12 smaller corporations according to the Japanese governments 1950 anti-zaibatsu legislation, the Corporate Credit Rearrangement Act. Between 1953 and 1955, five of these corporations and a newly formed corporation decided to merge to form Fuji Heavy Industries. These companies were: Fuji Kogyo, a scooter manufacturer; coachbuilder Fuji Jidosha ; engine manufacturer Omiya Fuji Kogyo ; chassis builder Utsunomiya Sharyo and the Tokyo Fuji Sangyo trading company.
Kenji Kita, CEO of Fuji Heavy Industries at the time, wanted the new company to be involved in car manufacturing and soon began plans for building a car with the development code-name P-1. Kita canvassed the company for suggestions about naming the P1, but none of the proposals were appealing enough. In the end he gave the company a Japanese name that he "had been cherishing in his heart": Subaru, which is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster. The first Subaru car was named the Subaru 1500. Only twenty were manufactured owing to multiple supply issues. Subsequently, the company designed and manufactured dozens of vehicles including the 1500 1954, the tiny air-cooled 360 1958, the Sambar 1961, and the 1000 which saw the introduction of the Subaru boxer engine in 1965.

1.2. History Later partnerships
Nissan acquired a 20.4% stake in Fuji Heavy Industries, Subarus parent company, in 1968 during a period of government-ordered merging of the Japanese auto industry in order to improve competitiveness under the administration of Prime Minister Eisaku Satō. Nissan would utilize FHIs bus manufacturing capability and expertise for their Nissan Diesel line of buses. In turn many Subaru vehicles, even today, use parts from the Nissan manufacturing keiretsu. The Subaru automatic transmission, known as the 4EAT, is also used in the first generation Nissan Pathfinder. While under this arrangement with Nissan, Subaru introduced the R-2 1969, the Rex and the Leone 1971, the BRAT 1978, Alcyone 1985, the Legacy 1989, the Impreza 1993 and its WRX subtype, and the Forester 1997.
Upon Nissans acquisition by Renault, its stake in FHI was sold to General Motors in 1999. Troy Clarke of General Motors served as representative to Fuji Heavy Industries on their corporate board. During that time, Subaru introduced the Baja 2003, and the Tribeca 2005. The Subaru Forester was sold as a Chevrolet Forester in India in exchange for the Opel Zafira being sold as a Subaru Traviq in Japan. Also, the Chevrolet Borrego concept was presented in 2002, a crossover coupe/pickup truck being derived from the Japanese-market Legacy Turbo platform. During the brief General Motors period, a badge engineered Impreza was sold in the United States as the Saab 9-2X. An SUV Subaru Tribeca/Saab 9-6X was also planned but the Saab version did not proceed, and styling was recycled in the 2008 Tribeca refresh.
GM liquidated their holdings in FHI in 2005. Nearly all Saab-Subaru joint projects were dropped at that time, other than Subaru supplying parts for the Saab 9-2x. Toyota Motors bought a little over 40% of GMs former FHI stock, amounting to 8.7% of FHI. The rest of GMs shares went to a Fuji stock buy-back program. Toyota and Subaru have since collaborated on a number of projects, among them building the Toyota Camry in Subarus Indiana U.S. plant beginning in April 2007. Subaru introduced the Exiga in 2008.
Toyota increased their share of FHI to 16.5% in July 2008. Subsequently, Toyota and Subaru jointly developed the Toyota 86, first sold in January 2012 as the Subaru BRZ and by Toyota under various names.

1.3. History Marketing
Some of the advertising slogans Subaru has used in the past include: "Inexpensive, and built to stay that way" USA 1970s – early 1980s, "The Worlds Favourite Four Wheel Drive" in the UK, "Plus on y pense, plus on a le goût de la conduire" of driving it") in French Quebec, "We built our reputation by building a better car", "What to Drive", "The Beauty of All-Wheel Drive", "Driven by Whats Inside", "Think, Feel, Drive", "Love. Its what makes Subaru, a Subaru" USA early 2010s and currently "Confidence in Motion" in North America, "All 4 The Driver" in Australia, "Uncommon Engineering, Uncommon Stability, Uncommon Roadholding, Uncommon Sense" in the UK and "Technology that gives you Confidence in Motion" in Southeast Asia.
In the 1990s, an ad firm hired by Subaru found the all wheel drive cars were popular among lesbians. The company started including subtle marketing to this demographic.
According to Automotive Lease Guide, Subaru ranked second place in vehicles that have the highest overall predicted resale values among all industry and all luxury vehicles for MY 2009. The awards are derived after carefully studying segment competition, historical vehicle performance and industry trends. According to a study done by J.D. Power and Associates for the 2008 Customer Retention Study, Subaru ranked at 50.5%, which was above the national average of 48%.
Subaru launched an animation series Wish Upon the Pleiades Hōkago no Pleiades developed jointly with Gainax. The 4-part mini episode series was released on YouTube on February 1, 2011. It featured a magical girl plot with Subaru as a leading protagonist.

2.1. Current operations Manufacturing facilities
Subaru is distinct from many of its Japanese competitors in that as of early 2016 it still made almost 75% of its cars sold internationally in Japan. Subarus facilities designated to automotive manufacturing are located in Ōta, Gunma Prefecture, consisting of four locations. Subaru-chō is where the Subaru BRZ/Toyota 86 is built, having been re-purposed from kei car production, Yajima Plant is where all current Subaru cars are built, Otakita Plant is where commercial kei trucks are built originally a factory location of Nakajima Aircraft Company, and Oizumi Plant in Oizumi, Gunma Prefecture, is where engines and transmissions are built.
Subarus major overseas manufacturing facility is located in Lafayette, Indiana; the factory is called Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. Due to continued sales growth in North American markets, vehicle production capacity at the Lafayette assembly plant is set to expand to 390.000 vehicles annually. Under the current strategic plan, Subaru will have a total production capacity of 1.026.000 vehicles per year at the end of 2016.

2.2. Current operations Subaru in Canada
In 1976, Canadians got their first exposure to Subaru vehicles when Subaru Auto Canada Limited SACL began offering the Subaru Leone. In 1989, the privately owned SACL was purchased by the Toronto-based Subaru Canada, Inc. which, under the guidance of parent company Fuji Heavy Industries, began an expansion process that would eventually see over 100 Subaru Dealers in operation across the country.
Subaru Canada, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Subaru Corporation of Japan. Headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario, the company markets and distributes Subaru vehicles, parts and accessories through a network of 94 authorized dealers throughout Canada.

2.3. Current operations Subaru in Asia
In Asian countries outside of Japan, Subaru vehicles, parts and accessories are supplied by Motor Image Group, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hong Kong-listed and Singapore-headquartered Tan Chong International Limited under businessman Glenn Tan.
Subaru has entered the Philippine operations started in 1996 under the Columbian Motors Philippines ownership but withdrew in 2000. It returned in 2006 under a new ownership by Motor Image Pilipinas, Inc. Subaru has eleven dealerships in the country: Greenhills, Fort Bonifacio, Manila Bay, Alabang, Davao, Cebu, Cagayan de Oro, Iloilo, Santa Rosa, Batangas, and Pampanga.
Subaru once had a presence in South Korea, established in 2009 in Yongsan, Seoul under Choi Seung-dal. Sales started in April 2010 with the Legacy, Outback and Forester as the initial lineup for the South Korean market. They were the fifth Japanese automobile manufacturer to enter after Toyota, Honda, Nissan and Mitsubishi. According to the company, they delayed their entry due to market dominance by Hyundai and Kia. By 2012, Subaru Korea announced that they would discontinue selling 2013 car models due to low sales.
In April 23, 2019, Subaru officially opened its production plant in Lat Krabang, Bangkok, Thailand, the plant is a joint venture between Subaru Corporation and Hong Kong-listed Tan Chong International TCIL, which holds a 74.9 per cent stake. The plant will supply Subaru vehicle to markets in Asia, including Australia and New Zealand. According to media interview with Glen Tan, the plant will have maximum capacity of 100.000 vehicles per year, and up to maximum of 4 models to be manufactured. Current production in 2019 is planned for 6.000 vehicles for Forester model only.

2.4. Current operations Subaru in the United Kingdom
In 1974 Robert Edmiston was finance director at sports car manufacturer Jensen Motors. When the company went bankrupt, he used a £6.000 redundancy payout to set up International Motors, which acquired the UK franchise for Subaru and Isuzu. The Coleshill based company is still the parent for Subaru in the UK.

2.5. Current operations Subaru in the United States
Subaru of America SOA was established in 1968 in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania by Malcolm Bricklin and Harvey Lamm and relocated to Pennsauken, New Jersey shortly thereafter. In 1986, SOA relocated to Cherry Hill, New Jersey and Fuji Heavy Industries now known as Subaru Corporation acquired full ownership in 1990. In 2018, SOA relocated to a brand new headquarters in Camden, New Jersey. SOA operates regional offices, zone offices and parts distribution centers throughout the United States. SOA also operates port facilities on both the West and East coasts.
In 1989 Subaru and then-partner Isuzu opened a joint factory in Lafayette, Indiana called Subaru-Isuzu Automotive, or SIA, which initially manufactured the Subaru Legacy and Isuzu Rodeo. In 2001 Isuzu sold their stake in the plant to Fuji Heavy Industries for $1 due to flagging sales and it was renamed Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. SIA has been designated a backyard wildlife habitat by the National Wildlife Federation and has achieved a zero-landfill production designation the first automotive assembly plant in the United States to earn that designation.
According to the Kelley Blue Book in 2015, two Subaru models Forester and the Outback in the United States had very short inventory time the time between being received by a dealer to being sold.

3. Motorsports
Subaru Rally Team Japan led by Noriyuki Koseki founder of Subaru Tecnica International, STI ran Subaru Leone coupe, sedan DL, SRX and RX Turbo in the World Rally Championship between 1980 and 1989. Drivers for individual rallies included Ari Vatanen, Per Eklund, Shekhar Mehta, Mike Kirkland, Possum Bourne and Harald Demut. Mike Kirkland finished 6th overall and won the A Group at the 1986 Safari Rally. That year Subaru was one of the only manufacturers combining 4WD and turbo after Audis successful quattro system had been introduced in 1980, but Audi withdrew from the WRC after safety concerns and Fords serious accident early in the 1986 season. Subaru changed the rally model to Legacy RS for the 1990–1992 period and took part in the first complete season in the World Rally Championship with the same model in 1993.
Modified versions of the Impreza WRX and WRX STi have been competing successfully in rallying. Drivers Colin McRae 1995, Richard Burns 2001 and Petter Solberg 2003 have won World Rally Championship drivers titles with the Subaru World Rally Team and Subaru took the manufacturers title three years in a row from 1995 to 1997. Subarus World Rally Championship cars are prepared and run by Prodrive, the highly successful British motorsport team. Several endurance records were set in the early and mid-nineties by the Subaru Legacy. The Subaru Justy also holds the world record for the fastest sub 1.0L car without a turbo: 123.224 mph average, it was set in 1989.
Subaru was briefly involved in Formula One circuit racing when it bought a controlling interest in the tiny Italian Coloni team for the 1990 season. The Coloni 3Bs 12-cylinder engine was badged as a Subaru and shared the boxer layout with the companys own engines, but was an existing design built by Italian firm Motori Moderni. The cars were overweight and underpowered and the partnership broke down before the season finished. With the rise of rally racing and the Import scene in the US, the introduction of the highly anticipated Subaru Impreza WRX in 2001 was successful in bringing high-performance AWD compact cars into the sports car mainstream. Subaru supplies a factory-backed team, Subaru Rally Team USA for Rally America and has won the drivers title six times, most recently in 2011 with David Higgins. Grassroots Motorsports awarded Subaru with the Editors Choice Award in 2002.
On 16 December 2008, it was announced that Subaru would no longer be competing in the World Rally Championships. The decision was made by Subarus parent company, Fuji Heavy Industries FHI, partly as a result of the economic downturn but also because it was felt Subaru had achieved its sporting and marketing objectives. Mr Ikuo Mori denied that alterations to the WRC technical regulations in 2010 or a rumored deterioration in the working relationship with Prodrive had any impact on the decision. He also said that the possibility of a Subaru car back in the top category of WRC in the future is not zero, but for this moment there can be no assumption of a comeback.
Since 2005, Cusco Racing have entered an Impreza and a BRZ in the Super GT championship. In 2008, the Impreza was the first 4-door and first 4WD vehicle to win a race.
Starting in 2006, Subaru of America SOA, as the official distributor of Subaru vehicles in the United States participates in the Subaru Road Racing Team SRRT with a Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Spec-B in the Grand-Am Street Tuner class. In 2010, SRRT campaigns a Subaru Impreza WRX STI in the Grand Sport class. In 2011, SRRT switched from the hatchback to a 2011 Subaru Impreza WRX STI sedan.
On 4 May 2012, Subaru Rally Team USA announced that a new rallycross team, Subaru Puma Rallycross Team USA, will participate in the 2012 Global RallyCross Championship season with Dave Mirra, Bucky Lasek, and Sverre Isachsen. They also competed in the 2014 FIA World Rallycross Championship.
In 2011, Mark Higgins used a stock Impreza to set a lap record at the Isle of Man TT course. In 2016, Higgins again broke the record in a modified WRX STI.
The Impreza has won hillclimbs such as the Silverstone Race to the Sky and Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race.

4. Technology
Subaru has a known head gasket issue from 2009-2014. The issue indicates that torque speck and gaskets were improperly torqued to spec and that the manufacturer of the gaskets clearly created a gasket that after 100.000 miles would fail. They have resolve this issue post 2014 however support for the vehicle issues and quality is still in question post this known issue. In addition the valve cover bolts installed in this vehicle are clearly not installed correctly as they are not able to be removed post 2009.

4.1. Technology Diesel
The 2007 Frankfurt International Motor Show saw Subaru introduce a horizontally opposed, water-cooled, common rail turbodiesel using a variable geometry turbocharger called the Subaru EE engine, the first of its type to be fitted to a passenger car. Volkswagen had experimented with this idea during the 1950s and made two air-cooled boxer prototype diesel engines that were not turbocharged. VW installed one engine in a Type 1 and another in a Type 2.
The Subaru engine was rated at 110 kW 150 PS; 148 hp and 350 N⋅m 260 ft⋅lbf with a displacement of 2.0 liters. In March 2008 Subaru offered the Legacy Sedan and Wagon and the Outback Wagon with 2.0 liter turbodiesel in the EU with a 5-speed manual transmission.
In September 2008 Subaru announced that the diesel Forester and diesel Impreza will be introduced at the 2008 Paris Motor Show, with Forester sales to begin October 2008 and diesel Impreza sales to start January 2009. The Forester and Impreza will have a 6-speed manual transmission, whereas the Legacy and Outback have 5-speed manual transmissions.
United States Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy estimated is:
City Ranges 32.7 mpg ‑US 7.2 L/100 km; 39.3 mpg ‑imp 33.6 mpg ‑US 7.0 L/100 km; 40.4 mpg ‑imp Highway Ranges 45.2 mpg ‑US 5.20 L/100 km; 54.3 mpg ‑imp 49.0 mpg ‑US 4.80 L/100 km; 58.8 mpg ‑imp

4.2. Technology Electric vehicles
In June 2006, Fuji Heavy Industries, Inc. FHI launched its Subaru Stella Plug-in electric vehicle which is a kei car equipped with a lithium-ion battery pack. The vehicle has a short range of 56 miles 90 km but it actually costs more than the Mitsubishi iMiEV, at ¥4.380.000 US$44.860, including Japanese Government consumption taxes with an exemption of $2.240. It also qualified for a rebate from the Japanese Government of up to $14.200, bringing the price down to $30.660. The vehicle is much like the i-MiEV, with a 47-kilowatt motor and a quick-charge capability, but the two-door mini-car has a boxy shape. FHI set a goal of selling 170 vehicles by March 2010.
In Japan, Subaru is currently testing two electric vehicles called the Subaru G4e and the Subaru R1e.
The Subaru Hybrid Tourer Concept is a four-seat vehicle with gull-wing doors that combines a 2-liter turbocharged direct-injection gasoline engine with a continuously variable transmission and two axle-mounted motors. A lithium-ion battery pack provides energy storage for the vehicle.
In early 2018, Subaru, along with Suzuki, Daihatsu and Hino Motors, joined the nascent EV C.A. Spirit venture to collaborate on electric vehicle technology development. The project was launched by Toyota, Mazda and automotive component manufacturer Denso in September 2017.
Subaru was among the few makes lacking any electric models. In the U.S., the short-lived Crosstrek hybrid was on the market only for the 2014 to 2017 model years. In 2018, for the 2019 model year, Subaru unveiled the 2019 model year Crosstrek Plug-in Hybrid, based in large part on technology from shareholder Toyotas Prius Prime platform. The EV range is 27 km 17 mi. It is only available in California and parts of the East Coast. A full EV is in the works and promised in 2020, for 2021 model year.

4.3. Technology Electronics
Since the 2005 model year, Subaru has adopted the CAN bus technology for the US and Canada markets. Starting in the 2007 model year, all Subaru vehicles use the CAN technology. Typically, two CAN-buses are used on vehicles: a high-speed CAN running at 500 kbit/s for powertrain communication, and a low-speed CAN running at 125 kbit/s for body control functions and instrument panels. A body-integrated unit BIU is used between these two networks.
Clarion and Harman Kardon are among the audio, video, and navigation technology suppliers for Subaru products in North America. Clarion announced in 2015 that it was introducing its "Smart Access" platform, formerly only offered on Clarions aftermarket products, to the units to be installed in certain Subaru 2015 models in North America. Smart Access is able to work with the drivers smartphone either iPhone or Android and allows access to various car-safe apps running on the phone via the cars built-in infotainment screen. Subaru and Clarion have also, with Liberty Mutual Insurance, introduced the "RightTrack" in-vehicle app which will be able to monitor the drivers habits, make suggestions for safer driving, and possibly offer insurance discounts.
In 2008, Subaru introduced their EyeSight driver assistance and safety system. Unlike most such systems, which use radar or sonar sensors, EyeSight uses dual video cameras mounted at the top of the windshield. Depth information is derived from the parallax between two video signals and used to judge the distance to the next vehicle for features such as pre-collision braking and adaptive cruise control. The company has continued to improve the technology, which now includes lane-keeping assistance. EyeSight is now available on most Subaru models usually in higher trim levels and is standard on the Subaru Ascent.

4.4. Technology Subaru Global Platform SGP
Subaru debuted its new chassis design, dubbed the Subaru Global Platform, with the release of the 2017 Impreza. Having spent over a billion dollars on research and development the company plans to extend the architecture to all of its other models, with the exception of the BRZ which is co-developed with Toyota. By incorporating high-strength steel into the chassis updated vehicles will have stiffer bodies that increase safety through greater impact absorption while also improving ride comfort. Another focus of the new platform is modularity, allowing Subaru to reduce development costs by streamlining production throughout its network of facilities. The platform will be able to accommodate a variety of powertrains, including gasoline, hybrid, and fully electric designs.

5. Environmental record
Subaru claims to have implemented advanced policies which include recycling, reducing harmful emissions, and educating their employees. Their efforts have helped them in their environmental initiatives. The Subaru plant in Lafayette, Indiana SIA was the first auto assembly plant to achieve zero landfill status; nothing from the manufacturing process goes into a landfill. The company has developed a recycling plan for the "end-of-life" of their cars. Most of their modern products use highly recyclable materials throughout the vehicle, in the engine, transmission, suspension and elsewhere in each vehicle leaving Subaru with a 97.3% recycling ratio rate for their end-of-life vehicles.
An excerpt from the Subaru website stated "In 2006, SIA was awarded the United States Environmental Protection Agency´s Gold Achievement Award as a top achiever in the agencys WasteWise program to reduce waste and improve recycling." The website also stated that "It also became the first U.S. automotive assembly plant to be designated a wildlife habitat."
Subaru currently offers a Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle PZEV certified Legacy, Outback, Impreza, XV/Crosstrek and Forester models which are available for sale anywhere in the U.S. Subaru PZEV vehicles meet Californias Super-Ultra-Low-Emission Vehicle exhaust emission standard. All other models have been certified LEV2.

6. Current and former Subaru vehicles
1950s–1960s
Subaru 360 1958–1971
Subaru Sambar 1961–present
Subaru Dias Wagon 1999–present
Subaru 1500 1954
Subaru FF-1 Star 1969–1973
Subaru 1000 1966–1969
Subaru G 1971–1972
Subaru R-2 1969–1972
1970s
Subaru Leone 1971–1994
Subaru Rex 1972–1992
Subaru BRAT 1978–1994
1980s
Subaru Justy 1984–2010, 2016–present
Subaru Legacy 1989–present
Subaru Bighorn 1988–1993
Subaru XT 1985–1991
Subaru Sumo 1983–1998
2000s
Subaru Dex 2006–2012
Subaru R1 2005–2010
Subaru Baja 2003–2006
Subaru Stella 2006–present
Subaru R2 2003–2010
Subaru Tribeca 2005–2014
Subaru Exiga 2008–2018
2010s
Subaru XV/Crosstrek 2012–present
Subaru Trezia 2010–2016
Subaru Chiffon 2016–present
Subaru Ascent 2018–present
Subaru Levorg 2014–present
Subaru BRZ 2012–present
Subaru Pleo Plus 2012–present

6.1. Current and former Subaru vehicles 1950s–1960s
Subaru 360 1958–1971
Subaru Sambar 1961–present
Subaru Dias Wagon 1999–present
Subaru 1500 1954
Subaru FF-1 Star 1969–1973
Subaru 1000 1966–1969
Subaru G 1971–1972
Subaru R-2 1969–1972

6.2. Current and former Subaru vehicles 1970s
Subaru Leone 1971–1994
Subaru Rex 1972–1992
Subaru BRAT 1978–1994

6.3. Current and former Subaru vehicles 1980s
Subaru Justy 1984–2010, 2016–present
Subaru Legacy 1989–present
Subaru Bighorn 1988–1993
Subaru XT 1985–1991
Subaru Sumo 1983–1998

6.4. Current and former Subaru vehicles 1990s
Subaru Vivio 1992–1998
Subaru Impreza WRX 1992–present
Subaru Impreza 1992–present
Subaru Impreza WRX STI 1994–present
Subaru Outback Sport 1994–2012
Subaru Forester 1997–present
Subaru Alcyone SVX 1991–1996
Subaru Pleo 1998–2018
Subaru Outback 1994–present
Subaru Traviq 1999–2005

6.5. Current and former Subaru vehicles 2000s
Subaru Dex 2006–2012
Subaru R1 2005–2010
Subaru Baja 2003–2006
Subaru Stella 2006–present
Subaru R2 2003–2010
Subaru Tribeca 2005–2014
Subaru Exiga 2008–2018

6.6. Current and former Subaru vehicles Other manufacturers
Subaru has partnered with various manufacturers over time. Below are some of the models sold in Asia and Europe. In Japan they are in the Kei car class with either front or all wheel drive and a straight engine. An article posted by Autoblog on April 16, 2008 stated that due to a corporate investment by Toyota, all Kei cars built by Subaru will be replaced by Daihatsu models beginning in 2010.
Subaru Trezia 2010–2016, rebadged Toyota Ractis
Subaru Traviq 1999–2005, rebadged Opel Zafira
Subaru Justy, Suzuki Ignis 2003–2007, Daihatsu Boon 2007–2010 and Daihatsu Thor 2016–present)
Subaru Chiffon 2016–present, rebadged Daihatsu Tanto
Subaru Lucra 2010–2015, rebadged Daihatsu Tanto
Subaru Stella 2010–present, rebadged Daihatsu Move
Subaru Dias Wagon 2009–present, rebadged Daihatsu Atrai
Subaru Sambar 2012–present, rebadged Daihatsu Hijet
Subaru Pleo 2010–2018, rebadged Daihatsu Mira
Subaru Pleo Plus 2012–present, rebadged Daihatsu Mira e:S
Subaru Dex 2006–2012, rebadged Toyota bB
Subaru Bighorn 1988–1993, rebadged Isuzu Trooper

6.7. Current and former Subaru vehicles Concept vehicles
The following concepts vehicles did not go forward as production vehicles:
Subaru Fleet-X
Subaru HS500
Subaru VIZIV
Subaru B11S
Subaru Suiren 1993 Concept replacement for the BRAT/Brumby
Subaru Exiga 1996, wagon
Subaru B9 Scrambler
Subaru SRD-1 Experimental design study introduced in 1990
Subaru B5 TPH Turbo Parallel Hybrid Japanese: Subaru B5-TPH

Subaru Impreza

The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that has been manufactured since 1992 by Subaru, introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessors EA seri...

Subaru Legacy

The Subaru Legacy is a midsize car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru since 1989. The makers flagship car, it is unique in its class for offeri...

Subaru Alcyone SVX

The Subaru Alcyone SVX, originally marketed outside Japan as the Subaru SVX, is a two-door, front-engine, all wheeldrive coupe manufactured and marketed by S...

Toyota 86

The Toyota 86 is a 2+2 sports car jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru, manufactured at Subarus Gunma assembly plant along with a badge engineered variant,...

Subaru Corporation

Subaru Corporation, formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. from 1953 to 2017, is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily invol...

Subaru R1

The R1 is a two-door version of the Subaru R2, but with a shorter body and wheelbase. The R1 is unusual in that it does not use up the maximum length allowed...

Subaru 1000

The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification sta...

Subaru R2

The Subaru R2 was announced in Japan on December 8, 2003, and the R2 name was inspired by the Subaru R-2, the kei car model that was produced between 1969 an...

Subaru 1500

The first vehicle built by the automotive division of Fuji Heavy Industries was called the Subaru 1500, with the development code-name of P1. The prototype u...

Subaru Leone

The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Subaru from 1971 to 1994. The word leone is Italian for lion. It was released as ...

Subaru Outback

The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon, the Outback ; a...

Subaru Forester

The Subaru Forester is a compact crossover SUV manufactured since 1997 by Subaru. Available in Japan from 1997, the Forester shares its platform with the Imp...

Subaru Tribeca

The Subaru Tribeca is a mid-size crossover SUV made from 2005 to 2014. Released in some markets, including Canada, as the Subaru B9 Tribeca, the name "Tribec...

Subaru G

The Subaru FF-1 G was a compact car from the 1970s, replacing the FF-1 Star. It was a front-wheel drive vehicle with a typical Subaru EA61 or EA62 flat-4 eng...

Subaru G4e

The Subaru G4e is a concept electric car developed by Japanese automaker Subaru in conjunction with Tokyo utility TEPCO as a possible successor to the R1e. I...

Subaru Exiga

The Subaru Exiga is a compact MPV and crossover utility vehicle that debuted as a concept car during the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. According to the Japanese Sub...

Subaru XT

The Subaru XT was a 2-door coupe that was produced from 1985 to 1991. The name Alcyone was used in Japan, the Vortex name was used in Australia and New Zeala...

Subaru Levorg

The Subaru Levorg is a mid-size car manufactured since 2014 by Subaru. According to the company, the name Levorg is a acronym of three words, LE gacy, re VO ...

Subaru BRAT

The Subaru BRAT, short for "Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter", known outside Canada and the United States as the 284 in the United Kingdom, Brum...

Subaru Pleo

The Subaru Pleo is a kei car made by the Japanese automaker Subaru since 1998. The Pleo is taller than conventional kei car hatchbacks, but shorter than the ...

Subaru World Rally Team

The Subaru World Rally Team was Subarus World Rally Championship team. It used a distinctive blue with yellow color scheme that is a throwback to the sponsor...

Subaru Tecnica International

Subaru Tecnica International, or STI, is Subaru Corporations motorsports division. STI, along with Prodrive of the UK specialized in the preparation of a var...

Subaru Stella

The Subaru Stella is a 5-door Kei car produced by Subaru starting in June 2006. The Stella is based on the same architecture as the Subaru R2. It can be cons...