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    The Mercedes-Benz ConceptFASCINATION is a concept car created in Germany by Mercedes-Benz. It was revealed to the public on September 11, 2008, and appeared ...

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  • Mercedes-Benz C111

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    Mercedes-Benz World is a facility open to the public at the historic Brooklands motor racing circuit in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. It is owned and operated by th...

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Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes-Benz is a German global automobile marque and a division of Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz is known for luxury vehicles, vans, trucks, buses, coaches and ambulances. The headquarters is in Stuttgart, Baden-Wurttemberg. The name first appeared in 1926 under Daimler-Benz. In 2018, Mercedes-Benz was the largest seller of premium vehicles in the world, having sold 2.31 million passenger cars.
Mercedes-Benz origins come from Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschafts 1901 Mercedes and Karl Benzs 1886 Benz Patent-Motorwagen, which is widely regarded as the first gasoline-powered automobile. The slogan for the brand is "the best or nothing".

1. History
Mercedes-Benz traces its origins to Karl Benzs creation of the first gasoline-powered car, the Benz Patent Motorwagen, financed by Bertha Benz and patented in January 1886, and Gottlieb Daimler and engineer Wilhelm Maybachs conversion of a stagecoach by the addition of a petrol engine later that year. The Mercedes automobile was first marketed in 1901 by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft Daimler Motors Corporation.
Emil Jellinek, a European automobile entrepreneur who worked with DMG, created the trademark in 1902, naming the 1901 Mercedes 35 hp after his daughter Mercedes Jellinek. Jellinek was a businessman and marketing strategist who promoted "horseless" Daimler automobiles among the highest circles of society in his adopted home, which, at that time, was a meeting place for the "Haute Volee" of France and Europe, especially in winter. His customers included the Rothschild family and other well-known personalities. But Jellineks plans went further: as early as 1901, he was selling Mercedes cars in the New World as well, including US billionaires Rockefeller, Astor, Morgan and Taylor. At a race in Nice in 1899, Jellinek drove under the pseudonym "Monsieur Mercedes", a way of concealing the competitors real name was normal and very regularly done in those days. The race ranks as the hour of birth of the Mercedes-Benz brand. In 1901, the name "Mercedes" was registered by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft DMG worldwide as a protected trademark. The first Mercedes-Benz brand name vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benzs and Gottlieb Daimlers companies into the Daimler-Benz company on 28 June of the same year.
Gottlieb Daimler was born on 17 March 1834 in Schorndorf. After training as a gunsmith and working in France, he attended the Polytechnic School in Stuttgart from 1857 to 1859. After completing various technical activities in France and England, he started working as a draftsman in Geislingen in 1862. At the end of 1863, he was appointed workshop inspector in a machine tool factory in Reutlingen, where he met Wilhelm Maybach in 1865.
Throughout the 1930s, Mercedes-Benz produced the 770 model, a car that was popular during Germanys Nazi period. Adolf Hitler was known to have driven these cars during his time in power, with bulletproof windshields. Most of the surviving models have been sold at auctions to private buyers. One of them is currently on display at the War Museum in Ottawa, Ontario. The pontiffs Popemobile has often been sourced from Mercedes-Benz. In 1944, 46.000 forced labourers were used in Daimler-Benzs factories to bolster Nazi war efforts. The company later paid $12 million in reparations to the labourers families. Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and safety innovations that later became common in other vehicles. Mercedes-Benz is one of the best-known and established automotive brands in the world.
For information relating to the famous three-pointed star, see under the title Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, including the merger into Daimler-Benz.

2. Subsidiaries and alliances
As part of the Daimler AG company, the Mercedes-Benz Cars division includes Mercedes-Benz and Smart car production.
Mercedes-AMG
Mercedes-AMG became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1999. The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999, and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.

2.1. Subsidiaries and alliances Mercedes-AMG
Mercedes-AMG became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1999. The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999, and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.

2.2. Subsidiaries and alliances China
Daimler cooperates with BYD Auto to make and sell a battery-electric car called Denza in China. In 2016, Daimler announced plans to sell Mercedes-Benz branded all-electric battery cars in China. Beijing Benz is a joint venture with BAIC Group to produce Mercedes-Benz branded cars in China. In 2018, Mercedes-Benz apologized for inciting controversy in China by quoting the Dalai Lama on an Instagram post.

3.1. Production Factories
Beside its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or assembled in:

3.2. Production Quality rankings
Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz has maintained a reputation for its quality and durability. Objective measures looking at passenger vehicles, such as J. D. Power surveys, demonstrated a downturn in reputation in these criteria in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90 days of ownership, according to J. D. Power. In J. D. Powers Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place and earning several awards for its models. For 2008, Mercedes-Benzs initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, to fourth place. On top of this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedes’ Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant. J. D. Powers 2011 US Initial Quality and Vehicle Dependability Studies both ranked Mercedes-Benz vehicles above average in build quality and reliability. In the 2011 UK J. D. Power Survey, Mercedes cars were rated above average. A 2014 iSeeCars.com study for Reuters found Mercedes to have the lowest vehicle recall rate.

4. Models
Vans
Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans; Citan, Vito, and Sprinter
Significant models produced
The Mercedes-Benz 600 or 600S Pullman Guard limousines offer the option of armour-plating and have been used by diplomats worldwide.

4.1. Models Current model range
Mercedes-Benz offers a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple countries worldwide. The Smart marque of city cars are also produced by Daimler AG.

4.2. Models Models
AMG GT – Sports car
GLB – Compact luxury Crossover
GLS – Full-size luxury Sports Utility Vehicle SUV
CLS – Mid-size luxury 4 Door Coupe and Estate
SL – Grand Tourer
GLA – Subcompact luxury Sports Utility Vehicle SUV
C-Class – Compact executive Sedan/Saloon, Estate, Coupe and Cabriolet
G-Class – Mid-size luxury Sports Utility Vehicle SUV
A-Class – Subcompact luxury Hatchback / Sedan
AMG GT4 – Sports Sedan/Saloon
E-Class – Executive Sedan/Saloon, Estate, Coupe and Cabriolet
SLC – Roadster
S-Class – Full-size luxury Sedan/Saloon, Coupe & Cabriolet
V-Class – Multi Purpose Vehicle MPV/ Van
B-Class – Subcompact luxury Multi Purpose Vehicle MPV
GLE – Mid-size luxury Sports Utility Vehicle SUV
CLA – Subcompact luxury 4 Door Coupe and Estate
X-Class - Luxury Pickup Truck
GLC – Compact luxury Sports Utility Vehicle SUV

4.3. Models Vans
Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans; Citan, Vito, and Sprinter

4.4. Models Buses
Mercedes-Benz has been making buses since 1895 in Mannheim in Germany. Since 1995, the brand of Mercedes-Benz buses and coaches is under the umbrella of EvoBus GmbH, belonging 100% to the Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz produces a wide range of buses and coaches, mainly for Europe and Asia. The first model was produced by Karl Benz in 1895.

4.5. Models Significant models produced
The Mercedes-Benz 600 or 600S Pullman Guard limousines offer the option of armour-plating and have been used by diplomats worldwide.

4.6. Models Car nomenclature
Until 1994, Mercedes-Benz utilized an alphanumeric system for categorizing their vehicles, consisting of a number sequence approximately equal to the engines displacement in liters multiplied by 100, followed by an arrangement of alphabetical suffixes, indicating body style and engine type.
"T" indicates "Touring" and an estate or station wagon body style.
"L" indicates "Leicht" lightweight for sporting models, and "Lang" long-wheelbase for sedan models.
"D" indicates the vehicle is equipped with a diesel engine.
"S" Sonderklasse "Special class" for flagship models, including the S-Class, and the SL-Class, SLR McLaren and SLS sports cars.
"G" was originally used for the Gelandewagen off-road vehicle, but is now applied to Mercedes SUVs in general.
"K" was used in the 1930s, indicating a supercharger "Kompressor" equipped engine. Three exceptions: the SLK, SSK and CLK, where K indicates "Kurz" short-wheelbase though the SLK and SSK had a supercharger.
"E" for "Einspritzung" indicates the vehicles engine is equipped with a petrol fuel injection. Also used for electric models and plug-in hybrids.
"C" indicates a coupe or cabriolet body style.
"R" indicates "Rennen" racing, used for racing cars for example, the 300SLR.
Some models in the 1950s also had lower-case letters b, c, and d to indicate specific trim levels. For other models, the numeric part of the designation does not match the engine displacement. This was done to show the models position in the model range independent of displacement or in the price matrix. For these vehicles, the actual displacement in litres is suffixed to the model designation. An exception was the 190-class with the numeric designation of "190" as to denote its entry level in the model along with the displacement label on the right side of the boot. Some older models such as the SS and SSK did not have a number as part of the designation at all.
For the 1994 model year, Mercedes-Benz revised the naming system. Models were divided into "classes" denoted by an arrangement of up to three letters see "Current model range" above, followed by a three-digit or two-digit for AMG models, with the number approximately equal to the displacement in litres multiplied by 10 number related to the engine displacement as before. Variants of the same model such as an estate version or a vehicle with a diesel engine are no longer given a separate letter. The SLR and SLS supercars do not carry a numerical designation.
Today, many numerical designations no longer reflect the engines actual displacement, but more of the relative performance and marketing position. Despite its engine displacement in two litres, the powerplant in the A45 AMG produces 355 brake horsepower so the designation is higher as to indicate the greater performance. Another example is the E250 CGI having greater performance than the E200 CGI due to the different engine tuning even though both have 1.8-litre engines. From the marketing perspective, E200 seems more "upscale" than E180. Recent AMG models use the "63" designation in honor of the 1960s 6.3-litre M100 engine despite being equipped with either a 6.2-litre M156, a 5.5-litre M157 or even a 4.0-litre engine.
Some models carry further designations indicating special features:
"BlueTEC" indicates a diesel engine with selective catalytic reduction exhaust aftertreatment.
"4MATIC" indicates the vehicle is equipped with all-wheel-drive.
"CGI" Charged Gasoline Injection indicates direct gasoline injection.
"Hybrid" indicates a petrol- or diesel-electric hybrid.
"Kompressor" indicates a supercharged engine.
"CDI" Common-rail Direct Injection indicates a common-rail diesel engine.
"NGT" indicates a natural gas-fueled engine.
"AMG Line" indicates the interior or engine, depending which car, has been fitted with the luxuries of their AMG sports cars
"BlueEFFICIENCY" indicates special fuel economy features
"Turbo" indicates a turbocharged engine, only used on A-, B-,E- and GLK-Class models.
Model designation badges can be removed at the request of the customer.

4.7. Models 2015 and beyond
Rationalisation of the model nomenclature was announced in November 2014 for future models. The changes consolidate many confusing nomenclature and their placements in the model range such as CL-Class is now called the S-Class Coupe. The naming structure is divided into four categories: core, off-road vehicle/SUV, 4-door coupe, and roadster. AMG GT, and V-Class are unaffected by the change. In October 2016, Mercedes unveiled the X-Class; a pickup truck built on the Nissan Navara. At the 2016 Paris Motor Show, the company announced the EQ, a family of upcoming battery electric vehicles based on a modular platform, expected to represent up to 25% of its global sales by 2025.
Note: The CLA is positioned between the A- and B-Class models, while the CLS sits between the E- and S-Classes.
In addition to the revised nomenclature, Mercedes-Benz has new nomenclature for the drive systems.
The revised A45 AMG for 2016 model year on has shifted the model designation to the right side while AMG is on the left side. This trend commenced with Mercedes-Maybach with MAYBACH on the left and S500/S600 on the right.

4.8. Models Environmental record
Mercedes-Benz has developed multi-concept cars with alternative propulsion, such as hybrid-electric, fully electric, and fuel-cell powertrains. At the 2007 Frankfurt motor show, Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models, including the F700 concept car, powered by a hybrid-electric drivetrain featuring the DiesOtto engine. In 2009, Mercedes-Benz displayed three BlueZERO concepts at the North American International Auto Show. Each car features a different powertrain - battery-electric, fuel-cell electric, and gasoline-electric hybrid. In the same year, Mercedes also showed the Vision S500 PHEV concept with a 19 miles 31 km all-electric range and CO 2 emissions of 74 grams/km in the New European Driving Cycle.
Since 2002, Mercedes-Benz has developed the F-Cell fuel cell vehicle. The current version, based on the B-Class, has a 250-mile range and is available for lease, with volume production scheduled to begin in 2014. Mercedes has also announced the SLS AMG E-Cell, a fully electric version of the SLS sports car, with deliveries expected in 2013. The Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHYBRID was launched in 2009, and is the first production automotive hybrid in the world to use a lithium-ion battery. In mid-2010, production commenced on the Vito E-Cell all-electric van. Mercedes expects 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of 2011.
In 2008, Mercedes-Benz announced that it would have a demonstration fleet of small electric cars in two to three years. Mercedes-Benz and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles EVs in the UK by beginning the installation of recharging points across their dealer networks. So far 20 Elektrobay recharging units, produced in the UK by Brighton-based Elektromotive, have been installed at seven locations as part of a pilot project, and further expansion of the initiative is planned later in 2010.
In the United States, Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record US$30.66 million fine for their decision to not meet the federal corporate average fuel economy standard in 2009. Certain Mercedes-Benz cars, including the S550 and all AMG models sold in the United States, also face an additional gas guzzler tax. However, newer AMG models fitted with the M157 engine will not be subject to the gas-guzzler tax, due to improved fuel economy, and newer models powered by the M276 and M278 engines will have better fuel economy. In 2008, Mercedes also had the worst CO 2 average of all major European manufacturers, ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers. Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in 2007 and 2006 in terms of average CO 2 levels, with 181 g and 188 g of CO 2 emitted per km, respectively.
Mercedes-Benz paid an additional US$38 million for failing to meet its CAFE standards for model years 2008–2011.
In May 2017, Mercedes partnered with Vivint Solar to develop a solar-energy home storage battery.
In February 2018, it was announced that Mercedes cabin air filters earned the Asthma and Allergy Friendly Certification.

4.9. Models Electric cars
Mercedes is to open its sixth battery factory in 2018, which makes it a tough competitor to Tesla, Inc. The six factories will be established across 3 continents.
The brand has also planned to launch its electric EQ brand with the EQC SUV being set for production in the year 2019. In September 2018, Mercedes unveiled the EQC, its first fully electric car, at an event in Stockholm.
2022 will be the year in which Daimler has said that the company will have invested $11 billion to ensure that every Mercedes-Benz has a fully electric or hybrid version available on the market.
While releasing details of the project, Markus Schafer said,
"Our electric vehicles will be built in six plants on three continents. We address every market segment: from the smart fortwo seater, to the large SUV. The battery is the key component of e-mobility. As batteries are the heart of our electric vehicles we put a great emphasis on building them in our own factories. With our global battery network we are in an excellent position: As we are close to our vehicle plants we can ensure the optimal supply of production. In case of a short-term high demand in another part of the world our battery factories are also well prepared for export. The electric initiative of Mercedes-Benz Cars is right on track. Our global production network is ready for e-mobility. We are electrifying the future." After Audi declared that it would cut more than 9.000 jobs by 2025, the owner of Mercedes-Benz announced that the company will shed around 10.000 jobs worldwide to focus on electric cars.

5. Motorsport
The two companies which were merged to form the Mercedes-Benz brand in 1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport of motor racing throughout their separate histories. A single Benz competed in the worlds first motor race, the 1894 Paris–Rouen, where Emile Roger finished 14th in 10 hours 1 minute. Throughout its long history, the company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities, including sports car racing and rallying. On several occasions Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a significant period, notably in the late 1930s, and after the 1955 Le Mans disaster, where a Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR rammed another car An Austin-Healey, took off into the stands, and killed more than 80 spectators. Stirling Moss and co-driver Denis Jenkinson made history by winning the 1955 Mille Miglia road race in Italy during a record-breaking drive with an average speed of almost 98 mph in a Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR.
Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not until 1987 that Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition, returning to Le Mans, Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft DTM, and Formula One with Sauber. The 1990s saw Mercedes-Benz purchase British engine builder Ilmor now Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, and campaign IndyCars under the USAC/CART rules, eventually winning the 1994 Indianapolis 500 and 1994 CART IndyCar World Series Championship with Al Unser, Jr. at the wheel. The 1990s also saw the return of Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and the Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR, both of which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIAs GT1 class.
Mercedes-Benz is currently active in four motorsport categories, Formula Three, Formula E, Formula One and GT3.

5.1. Motorsport Formula One
Mercedes-Benz took part in the world championship in 1954 and 1955, but despite being successful with two championship titles for Juan-Manuel Fangio, the company left the sport after just two seasons.
Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in the 1990s and part-owned Team McLaren for some years, to which it has supplied engines engineered by Ilmor since 1995. This partnership brought success, including drivers championships for Mika Hakkinen in 1998 and 1999, and for Lewis Hamilton in 2008, as well as a constructors championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren had been extended into the production of road-going cars such as the Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren.
In 2007, McLaren-Mercedes was fined a record US$100 million for stealing confidential Ferrari technical data.
In 2009, Ross Brawns newly conceived Formula One team, Brawn GP used Mercedes engines to help win the constructors championship, and Jenson Button to become champion in the F1 drivers championship. At the end of the season, Mercedes-Benz sold its 40% stake in McLaren to the McLaren Group and bought 70% of the Brawn GP team jointly with an Abu Dhabi-based investment consortium. Brawn GP was renamed Mercedes GP for the 2010 season and is, from this season on, a works team for Mercedes-Benz. As of 2017, the company currently provides engines to Williams Martini Racing and Sahara Force India F1 Team.
In 2014, Mercedes clinched its first Formula One Constructors title with drivers Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg with three races to go, after dominating much of the season. Mercedes repeated its dominance in 2015, winning 16 out of 19 races, and again in 2016, winning 19 of the 21 races. In the next three years, Mercedes continued their success by winning Constructors Championships in 2017, 2018 and 2019 for a total of six consecutive titles. In these six years, Hamilton won the Formula One Drivers Championship in 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019 while Rosberg won in 2016. Mercedes has won both the Constructors and Drivers Championships for every year from 2014 to 2019. They are the only Formula One team to ever win six consecutive "double-championships".

5.2. Motorsport Formula E
Prior to pre-season testing of the 2019-20 Formula E Championship, it was announced that Mercedes, through its EQ branch, would join the championship with drivers Stoffel Vandoorne and 2019 FIA Formula 2 season champion Nyck De Vries. The team named their Spark Gen2 challenger the Mercedes EQ Silver Arrow 01.

6. Logo history
In June 1909, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft DMG registered both a three-pointed and a four-pointed star as trademarks, but only the three-pointed star was used. To DMG, the star symbolized Gottlieb Daimlers aims for universal motorization: on land, water and in the air.

7. Noted employees
Josef Ganz - Technical consultant and "Godfather" of the *Mercedes-Benz W136, with the revolutionary Independent suspension, Swing axle layout.
Michael Schumacher - Seven-time Formula 1 World Champion, drove for Mercedes in the World Endurance Championship in the 80s and then in their Formula One Team from 2010 till 2012.
Nico Rosberg - 2016 Formula 1 World Champion, drove for Mercedes in their Formula One Team from 2010 till 2016. Rosberg won all his races and achieved all his pole positions with Mercedes and is currently a brand ambassador for Mercedes.
Rudolf Uhlenhaut – joined Daimler-Benz in 1931, his designs included the Silver Arrows, the 300 SL and 300SLR
Adolf Eichmann – former Nazi criminal. Worked in Argentinas factory after WWII
Adolf Daimler – chief engineer, COO and member of the board of directors 1899–1913. Son of Gottlieb Daimler and developer of the brand logo.
Lewis Hamilton - Six-time Formula 1 World Champion, current driver for their Formula One Team since 2013 who holds the all-time record for most pole positions 88 and second only to Schumacher in all-time race victories 84. Despite being a Mercedes driver since 2013, Hamilton has competed his entire career using Mercedes engines since 2007 and has been affiliated with Mercedes since he was 13 years old.
Wilhelm Maybach – automotive pioneer, first met Gottlieb Daimler in 1865
Juan Manuel Fangio - Five-time Formula 1 World Champion, honorary president of Mercedes-Benz Argentina from 1987 until his death in 1995.
Bela Barenyi – car safety pioneer rigid passenger safety shell, joined Daimler-Benz in 1937
Ferdinand Porsche – founder of Porsche, joined Mercedes in 1923 and developed the Kompressor
Rudolf Caracciola – one of the greatest GP drivers in history drove MB Silver Arrows in competition.
Bruno Sacco – joined Daimler-Benz as a designer in 1958. Head of Design in 1975, retired in 1999
Paul Bracq – major designer of automobiles in the 20th century

8. Innovations
Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on Mercedes-Benz automobiles throughout the many years of their production, including:
The first passenger road car to have brakes on all four wheels 1924
In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987, Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a traction control system that worked under both braking and acceleration
Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to seat belts on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously, removing any slack in the belt, which prevents the occupant from jerking forward in a crash
Electronic Stability Programme ESP, brake assist, and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars – first – by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations, and has even licensed them for use by competitors – in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes ABS are now standard on all modern vehicles.
Airbags were first introduced in the European market, beginning with model year 1981 S-Class.
The "safety cage" or "safety cell" construction with front and rear crumple zones was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint
The internal combustion engine automobile was developed independently by Benz and Daimler & Maybach in 1886
an Anti-Lock Brake system ABS was first offered on the W116 450SEL 6.9. They became standard on the W126 S-Class starting production in 1979 and first sold in most markets in 1980.
Daimler invented the float carburetor which was used until replaced by fuel injection
In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the worlds first seven-speed automatic transmission called 7G-Tronic
In 1936, the Mercedes-Benz 260 D was the first diesel-powered passenger car.
Mercedes-Benz were the first to offer direct fuel injection on the Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing
Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all water-cooled vehicles today
The "drop chassis" – the car originally designated the "Mercedes" by Daimler was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the carriage lowered and set between the front and rear wheels, with a front engine and powered rear wheels. All earlier cars were "horseless carriages", which had high centres of gravity and various engine/drive-train configurations
At 181 horsepower per litre, the M133 engine installed in Mercedes-Benz A45 AMG is the most powerful series production four-cylinder turbocharged motor as of June 2013 and has one of the highest power density for a passenger vehicle.
Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called Pre-Safe to detect an imminent crash – and prepares the cars safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal braking force required to avoid an accident in emergency situations, and makes it immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving the seats into the optimal position.
The W211 E320 CDI which has a variable geometry turbocharger VGT 3.0-litre V6 common rail diesel engine producing 224 hp or 167 kW, set three world endurance records. It covered 100.000 miles 160.000 km in a record time, with an average speed of 224.823 km/h 139.70 mph. Three identical cars did the endurance run one set above record and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover 100.000 kilometres 62.137 mi and 50.000 miles 80.000 km respectively. After all three cars had completed the run, their combined distance was 300.000 miles 480.000 km all records were FIA approved.
Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes-Benz the Safety Award at the 2007 What Car? Awards.

8.1. Innovations Robot cars
In the 1980s, Mercedes built the worlds first robot car, together with the team of Professor Ernst Dickmanns at Bundeswehr University Munich. Encouraged in part by Dickmanns success, in 1987 the European Unions EUREKA programme initiated the Prometheus Project on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly €800 million. In 1995 Dickmanns re-engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes took a long trip from Munich in Bavaria to Copenhagen in Denmark, and back. On highways, the robot achieved speeds exceeding 175 km/h 109 mph permissible in some areas of the German Autobahn.
In October 2015, the company introduced the Vision Tokyo, a five-seat self-driving electric van powered by a hybrid hydrogen fuel-cell system. The super-sleek van is touted as "a chill-out zone in the midst of megacity traffic mayhem."

9. Tuners
Several companies have become car tuners or modifiers of Mercedes Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model. AMG is Mercedes-Benzs in-house performance-tuning division, specialising in high-performance versions of most Mercedes-Benz cars. AMG engines are all hand-built, and each completed engine receives a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been wholly owned by Mercedes-Benz since 1999. The 2009 SLS AMG, a revival of the 300SL Gullwing, is the first car to be entirely developed by AMG.

10. Sponsorships
In football soccer, Mercedes-Benz sponsors the Germany national team until 2018. Mercedes-Benz sponsors Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart and provides the naming rights for their stadium, the Mercedes-Benz Arena. The company also holds the naming rights to the Mercedes-Benz Superdome, an American football stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. On 24 August 2015, Mercedes-Benz was announced as the naming rights sponsor for the Atlanta Falcons new home, Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Mercedes-Benzs US headquarters are in Greater Atlanta which opened in August 2017.
Mercedes-Benz worked with English magician Steven Frayne, also known as Dynamo, to create a video called Dynamo vs Coulthard. Formula One driver David Coulthard drove Dynamo around a track at race-speed in a Mercedes-Benz SL63 AMG, before Dynamo successfully drove around the same track in the same car whilst blindfolded and surrounded by pyrotechnics. The stunt was part of the finale for Series 3 of Dynamo: Magician Impossible, screened on UK television channel Watch.

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