• ZIL-E-167

    The ZIL-E-167 is an off-road truck designed in the beginning of the 1960s to withstand difficult conditions in Siberia, Urals and far east and northern terri...

  • ZIL-4112R

    The vehicle was dubbed "Limo Number One" and was specifically designed and built for the President of Russia as head of state and took six years to complete....

  • ZIL-112 Sports

    The ZIL-112 Sports was a Soviet sports car made by ZiL car manufacturer in 1961 and competed in races from 1961 to 1969. Two cars were built. The 112S initia...

  • ZIL-2906

    The vehicle was designed to recover re-entered Soyuz space capsules from difficult terrain. It was carried on the back of a ZIL-4906 which had a top speed of...

  • ZIL-117

    The ZIL-117 is a luxury sedan built by ZiL in USSR and first presented at the Autoprom in 1977. Debuting in 1971, it was derived from the earlier ZIL-114. De...

  • ZIS-150

    The ZIS-150 was a Soviet truck. In 1947 it replaced the ZiS-5 truck on assembly line. ZIS-150 together with GAZ-51 was the main Soviet truck of the 1950s, ju...

  • ZIL-111

    The ZiL-111 was a limousine produced by the Soviet car manufacturer ZiL in 1958–1967. It was the first post-war limousine designed in the Soviet Union. After...

  • ZIL-114

    The ZIL-114 is a limousine from the Soviet car manufacturer ZIL introduced in 1970 to replace the ZIL-111 series which was gradually becoming out of date. In...

  • ZIL-41047

    The ZIL-41047 is a limousine built by ZIL of Russia. Production of ZIL models ceased in 2002 due to their previous customer base turning to more modern Weste...

  • ZiL-158

    The ZiL-158, ZiL-158V / LiAZ-158 is a city bus produced by the Likhachev Plant and Likinsky Bus Plant. ZIL-158 was the main bus model of city bus fleets of t...

  • ZIL-157

    The ZIL-157 was the standard truck used by the army until it was replaced by the ZIL-131 and Ural-375 series that became the standard Soviet army trucks alon...

  • ZIL-135

    The ZIL-135 is a large, eight-wheeled military transport and self-propelled artillery truck produced in the Cold War by the Soviet Union starting in 1959. It...

  • ZIL-4104

    The ZIL-4104 was a limousine built by ZiL from the late 1970s to the early 1980s, when it served as the transport of the elite of the Soviet Union. It is est...

  • ZIL-130

    The ZiL-130 is a Soviet/Russian truck produced by ZiL in Moscow, Russia. The first prototype was built in 1956. Production began in 1962, while mass producti...

  • ZIL-131

    The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a...

ZiL

OJSC AMO ZiL, known fully as the Public Joint-Stock Company – Likhachov Plant and more commonly called ZiL, was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia.
The last ZiL vehicle was assembled in 2012. The company continues to exist only as real-estate development site, on which a new urban district will be built by the LSR Group construction company.

1. History
The factory was founded on 2 August 1916 as the Moscow Automotive Society or AMO Russian: Автомобильное Московское Общество АМО, romanized: Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo AMO). The factory was completed in 1917, just before the Revolution, and was built south of Moscow near Moscow River in Tjufeleva grove. It was a modern building with the latest in American equipment and was designed to employ 6.000 workers. The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5-ton trucks under license. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle which was shown at a parade in 7 November, the AMO-F15. Nevertheless the factory still managed to assemble trucks bought from Italy in 1917-1919. In April 30 1923 the factory was named after an Italian coummunist Pietro Ferrero, but in 1925 was renamed to First National Automobile Factory Russian: 1-й Государственный автомобильный завод. 2 years later in 1927 Ivan Likhachov was appointed as a head of the factory, a person whose name the factory bears from 1956. In April 1929, it was agreed on to expand the plant to build Autocar 2.5-ton truck models.
In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., and changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina ZIS or ZiS. After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachyova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.
ZiL lanes - road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials - were named after the car. The ZiL limousines were the official car that carried the Soviet heads of state, and many Soviet Union allied leaders, to summits or in parades. The limousines were flown to international summits as for example in 1990 to Washington DC for President Mikhail Gorbachevs official state visit.
Zil has a history of exporting trucks to Cuba, a trade resumed in the early 21st century. The ZiL factory is portrayed in a 2014 documentary, The Last Limousine.
After the final ZIL limousine was built in 2012, the Moscow factory administration stopped truck production and the company was declared bankrupt in 2013. ZiL still exists as a legal entity, but produces no vehicles. In 2014 it was announced that the factory site will be turned into a residential development. Most factory buildings were dismantled in 2015.
The factorys equipment and other automotive assets were auctioned off to a new company, "MSTs6 AMO ZIL". It employs 47 staff, mostly former ZiL workers. The company took part in the Moscow International Automobile Salon 2016.

2. Awards
In 1971 the plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third successful implementation of the Eighth Five-Year Plan.
In October 1944 the plant was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labour.
In June 1942 the VMS was awarded the first Order of Lenin for the excellent organization of the production of ammunition and weapons.
In 1975 the plant was awarded the Order of the October Revolution for the successful completion of works on creation of capacities up to 200 thousand cars per year issuance.
In November 1949 a second plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for merits in development of the Soviet autostructure and in connection with the 25th anniversary of the Soviet car.

ZIL-131

The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a...

ZIL-130

The ZiL-130 is a Soviet/Russian truck produced by ZiL in Moscow, Russia. The first prototype was built in 1956. Production began in 1962, while mass producti...

ZIL-4104

The ZIL-4104 was a limousine built by ZiL from the late 1970s to the early 1980s, when it served as the transport of the elite of the Soviet Union. It is est...

ZIL-135

The ZIL-135 is a large, eight-wheeled military transport and self-propelled artillery truck produced in the Cold War by the Soviet Union starting in 1959. It...

ZIL-157

The ZIL-157 was the standard truck used by the army until it was replaced by the ZIL-131 and Ural-375 series that became the standard Soviet army trucks alon...

ZiL-158

The ZiL-158, ZiL-158V / LiAZ-158 is a city bus produced by the Likhachev Plant and Likinsky Bus Plant. ZIL-158 was the main bus model of city bus fleets of t...

ZIL-41047

The ZIL-41047 is a limousine built by ZIL of Russia. Production of ZIL models ceased in 2002 due to their previous customer base turning to more modern Weste...

ZIL-114

The ZIL-114 is a limousine from the Soviet car manufacturer ZIL introduced in 1970 to replace the ZIL-111 series which was gradually becoming out of date. In...

ZIL-111

The ZiL-111 was a limousine produced by the Soviet car manufacturer ZiL in 1958–1967. It was the first post-war limousine designed in the Soviet Union. After...

ZIS-150

The ZIS-150 was a Soviet truck. In 1947 it replaced the ZiS-5 truck on assembly line. ZIS-150 together with GAZ-51 was the main Soviet truck of the 1950s, ju...

ZIL-117

The ZIL-117 is a luxury sedan built by ZiL in USSR and first presented at the Autoprom in 1977. Debuting in 1971, it was derived from the earlier ZIL-114. De...

ZIL-2906

The vehicle was designed to recover re-entered Soyuz space capsules from difficult terrain. It was carried on the back of a ZIL-4906 which had a top speed of...

ZIL-112 Sports

The ZIL-112 Sports was a Soviet sports car made by ZiL car manufacturer in 1961 and competed in races from 1961 to 1969. Two cars were built. The 112S initia...

ZIL-4112R

The vehicle was dubbed "Limo Number One" and was specifically designed and built for the President of Russia as head of state and took six years to complete....

ZIL-E-167

The ZIL-E-167 is an off-road truck designed in the beginning of the 1960s to withstand difficult conditions in Siberia, Urals and far east and northern terri...