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Tenase

In coagulation, the procoagulant protein factor X can be activated into factor Xa two ways; extrinsically or intrinsically. The activating complexes are called tenase. Tenase is a contraction of "ten" and the suffix "-ase", which means, that the ...

Fibrinolysis

Fibrinolysis is a process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic. This process has two types: primary fibrinolysis and secondary fibrinolysis. The primary type is a normal body process, whereas secondary fibrinolysis is t ...

Hyperfibrinolysis

The fibrinolysis system is responsible for removing blood clots. Hyperfibrinolysis describes a situation with markedly enhanced fibrinolytic activity, resulting in increased, sometimes catastrophic bleeding. Hyperfibrinolysis can be caused by acq ...

Hematophagy

Hematophagy is the practice by certain animals of feeding on blood. Since blood is a fluid tissue rich in nutritious proteins and lipids that can be taken without great effort, hematophagy is a preferred form of feeding for many small animals, su ...

Calyptra (moth)

The genus Calyptra is a group of moths in subfamily Calpinae of the family Erebidae. They are a member of the Calpini tribe, whose precise circumscription is uncertain but which includes a number of other fruit-piercing or eye-frequenting genera ...

Leptoconops fortipalpus

Leptoconops fortipalpus is a species of biting midge belonging to the family Ceratopogonidae. It occurs in the Damodar River valley, Jarkhand state, India.

Oxpecker

The oxpeckers are two species of bird which make up the family Buphagidae. The oxpeckers were formerly usually treated as a subfamily, Buphaginae, within the starling family, Sturnidae, but molecular phylogenetic studies have consistently shown t ...

Tick

Ticks are arachnids, typically 3 to 5 mm long, part of the superorder Parasitiformes. Along with mites, they constitute the subclass Acari. Ticks are external parasites, living by feeding on the blood of mammals, birds, and sometimes reptiles and ...

Sternum

The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the central part of the chest. It connects to the ribs via cartilage and forms the front of the rib cage, thus helping to protect the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels from injury. Shap ...

Pelvis

The pelvis is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs or the skeleton embedded in it. The pelvic region of the trunk includes the bony pelvis, the pelvic cavity the space enclosed by the bony pelvis ...

Risser sign

The Risser sign is an indirect measure of skeletal maturity, whereby the degree of ossification of the iliac apophysis by x-ray evaluation is used to judge overall skeletal development. Mineralization of the iliac apophyses begins at the anterola ...

Phalanx bone

The phalanges singular: phalanx are digital bones in the hands and feet of most vertebrates. In primates, the thumbs and big toes have two phalanges while the other digits have three phalanges. The phalanges are classed as long bones.

Carpal bones

The carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the wrist that connects the hand to the forearm. The term "carpus" is derived from the Latin carpus and the Greek καρπός, meaning "wrist". In human anatomy, the main role of the wrist is to ...

Deep fascia

Deep fascia is a fascia, a layer of dense connective tissue that can surround individual muscles and groups of muscles to separate into fascial compartments. This fibrous connective tissue interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves, ...

Fascia of perineum

The fascia of perineum is the fascia which covers the muscles of the superficial perineal pouch. The muscles surrounded by the deep perineal fascia are the bulbospongiosus, ischiocavernosus, and superficial transverse perineal. The fascia is atta ...

Iliopectineal arch

The Iliopectineal arch is a thickened band of fused iliac fascia and psoas fascia passing from the posterior aspect of the inguinal ligament anteriorly across the front of the femoral nerve to attach to the iliopubic eminence of the hip bone post ...

Presacral fascia

The presacral fascia lines the anterior aspect of the sacrum, enclosing the sacral vessels and nerves. It continues anteriorly as the pelvic parietal fascia, covering the entire pelvic cavity. The presacral fascia is limited postero-inferiorly, a ...

Fetal rhabdomyoma

Rhabdomyoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor of skeletal muscle, separated into two major categories based on site: Cardiac and extracardiac. They are further separated by histology: fetal, juvenile, and adult types. Genital types are recognized, bu ...

Common flexor tendon

The common flexor tendon is a tendon that attaches to the medial epicondyle of the humerus. It serves as the upper attachment point for the superficial muscles of the front of the forearm: Flexor carpi radialis Palmaris longus Flexor digitorum su ...

Retinaculum

A retinaculum is a band of thickened deep fascia around tendons that holds them in place. It is not part of any muscle. Its function is mostly to stabilize a tendon. The term retinaculum is New Latin, derived from the Latin verb retinere. Specifi ...

Azurin

Azurin is a small, periplasmic, bacterial blue copper protein found in Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes bacteria. Azurin moderates single-electron transfer between enzymes associated with the cytochrome chain by undergoing oxidation-reduct ...

Rusticyanin

Rusticyanin is a copper protein with a type I copper center that plays an integral role in electron transfer. It can be extracted from the periplasm of the gram-negative bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, also known as Acidithiobacillus ferroox ...

Hemeprotein

A hemeprotein, or heme protein, is a protein that contains a heme prosthetic group. They are very large class of metalloproteins. The heme group confers functionality, which can include oxygen carrying, oxygen reduction, electron transfer, and ot ...

Cytochrome c peroxidase

Cytochrome c peroxidase, or CCP, is a water-soluble heme-containing enzyme of the peroxidase family that takes reducing equivalents from cytochrome c and reduces hydrogen peroxide to water: CCP + H 2 O 2 + 2 ferrocytochrome c + 2H + → CCP + 2H 2 ...

Guanylate cyclase

Guanylate cyclase is a lyase enzyme that converts guanosine triphosphate to cyclic guanosine monophosphate and pyrophosphate. It is often part of the G protein signaling cascade that is activated by low intracellular calcium levels and inhibited ...

Nitrophorin

Nitrophorins are hemoproteins found in the saliva of blood-feeding insects. Saliva of the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus contains at least seven homologous nitrophorins, designated NP1 to NP7 in order of their relative abundance in the gland ...

Peroxidase

Peroxidases or peroxide reductases are a large group of enzymes which play a role in various biological processes. They are named after the fact that they commonly break up peroxides.

Hydrogenase

A hydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyses the reversible oxidation of molecular hydrogen, as shown below: Hydrogen uptake 1 is coupled to the reduction of electron acceptors such as oxygen, nitrate, sulfate, carbon dioxide CO 2, and fumarate. On ...

RNF113A

Ring Finger Protein 113A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RNF113A gene. It is found in humans on the X Chromosome. RNF113A contains two highly conserved domains, the RING finger domain and Zinc finger domain. RING finger domains have ...

Selenoprotein

In molecular biology a selenoprotein is any protein that includes a selenocysteine amino acid residue. Among functionally characterized selenoproteins are five glutathione peroxidases and three thioredoxin reductases, which both contain only one ...

Peptide-methionine (R)-S-oxide reductase

In enzymology, a peptide-methionine -S-oxide reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction peptide-L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } peptide-L-methionine R-S-oxide + thioredoxin The 3 ...

Thermolysin

Thermolysin is a thermostable neutral metalloproteinase enzyme produced by the Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus thermoproteolyticus. It requires one zinc ion for enzyme activity and four calcium ions for structural stability. Thermolysin specifica ...

Zinc finger chimera

Zinc finger protein chimera are chimeric proteins composed of a DNA-binding zinc finger protein domain and another domain through which the protein exerts its effect. The effector domain may be a transcriptional activator or repressor, a methylat ...

Epitope

An epitope, also known as antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells. For example, the epitope is the specific piece of the antigen to which an antibod ...

Azotemia

Azotemia is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds in the blood. It is largely related to insufficient or dysfunctional filtering of blood by the kidneys. It can lead to uremia and acute kidne ...

Elevated alkaline phosphatase

Elevated alkaline phosphatase occurs when levels of alkaline phosphatase exceed the reference range. This group of enzymes has a low substrate specificity and catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate esters in a basic environment. The major function ...

Elevated alpha-fetoprotein

Elevated alpha-fetoprotein refers to a state where alpha-fetoprotein levels are outside of the reference range. There are two categories of AFP tests: tests performed on serum blood plasma, and tests performed on amniotic fluid. Tests performed o ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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